haryanahealth.nic.in Know About the Ebola Virus Disease EBVD provided by Haryana

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    Ebola virus disease or Ebola is a rare and deadly viral disease of humans caused by Ebola Virus. The signs and symptoms of the disease starts in 2 days and 3 week after shrinkage the virus as a Fever, Sore throat, Muscle Pain and Headaches. Then the patient followed with vomiting, rashes and diarrhea alongwith decreasing of function of Lever and Kidneys. Some of the people bleed inside and outside both.
    Question: Where Ebola Virus Disease raised:
    Government has found the inveterate Ebola Virus Disease cases in Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), Sudan, Uganda, Liberia, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Guinea Nigeria, Sierra Leone. Yet, this disease case is not found in India.
    Question: What is the Development (incubation) period of Ebola Virus Disease:
    Generally this disease starts between Two days to Twenty One days.
    Question: Is it possible for a person to send out the disease between incubation period:
    No it is not possible to transmit the disease during incubation period.
    Question: What are the sings and indication of Infection:
    The symptoms of the disease is fever, throat pain, headache, muscle and joints pain, vomiting, diarrhea and rashes and bleeding both internally and externally.
    Question: What is the Source of EBOLA infection:
    In Africa country, Fruit bats are believed to the normal hosts of Ebola Virus. It is transmit to humans through the close contact with the blood secretions, organs or other body fluids of living and dead animals like chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, fruit bats etc.
    Question: How is human to human transmission of Ebola Virus occurring
    After human infection occurs, the disease may also spread between people through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected indicative person or though exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions. It is not transmitted through air.
    Question: Who is in risk of Ebola Virus:
    At the time of eruption, they are in high risk of Infection:-

    >> Health care workers who handle the patients without observing recommended universal precautions

    >> The high risk of infections happens to the contacts and family members of the patients coming in contact with blood or other secretions and body fluids of the patient.

    >> Bereaved person who have direct contact with the bodies of the Ebola virus infected people as part of cremation/ burial ceremonies.
    Question: Is Ebola virus occurs due to infected food or Water:
    No, Ebola is not a food-borne and water borne illness.
    Question: Can the Ebola virus disease be transmitted by a person who is infected but doesn’t have any symptoms:
    No. Any person who are not indicative are not infectious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.
    Question: At what time someone should take medical care:
    If any person reached in the area identified to have Ebola virus disease (West African Countries – Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone & Nigeria as on 5th August 2014) or in contact with a person known or supposed to have Ebola and they begin to have symptoms within 21 days of contact, they must get medical care immediately by reporting to nearest hospital of their area.
    Question: What treatment is available for Ebola Virus Disease:
    At present, no exact treatment for this disease is available. But, by concentrated supportive care the humanity can be reduced as well as the spread of the disease can be prevented by instituting specific infection control practices.
    Question: Any Vaccination is available for EBVD:
    There is no vaccine against EBVD anywhere in the world at the present time.
    Question: Is it possible to stop Ebola:
    Yes, Ebola can be stopped by observing the following:

    Must be careful to Close contact of the patients should follow standard infection control practices.

    It can be prevent if any person coming from Ebola affected Areas (as mentioned in Q. No11) or coming in contact with suspected or confirmed EBVD and develops symptoms within 21 days immediately report to health care facility.

    Ebola Virus Disease patient after cure should continue to follow infection control practices for a period of about two months.

    Guiding principles for health care providers
    If Health care workers handle the patients without observing recommended universal precautions are at high risk of acquiring the infection. So health workers must take extra care and should observe the given below points:-

    {#}. The health workers should strictly apply recommended infection control measures to avoid exposure to infected blood, fluids, or contaminated environments or objects – such as a patient’s soiled linen or used needles.

    {#}. All-encompassing procedures that can expose medical doctors, nurses and others to infection should be carried out under strict, safe conditions. For aerosol generating procedures PPE should include respiratory protection N95 masks or higher and the procedure should be performed in airborne isolation room.

    {#}. The health workers must use their personal protection kit such as individual gowns (impermeable), gloves, masks and goggles or face shields and shoe cover etc.

    {#}. The health workers should not reuse caring equipment or clothing if not properly disinfected with 1% bleach or phenolic products.

    {#}. All non-dedicated, non-disposable medical equipment used for patient care should be cleaned and disinfected as per manufacturer’s instructions and hospital policies.

    {#}. Contaminated patients should be kept in a separate from other patients and healthy people, as much as possible.

    {#}. Each and every time they should change gloves between caring for each patient suspected of having Ebola and strictly follow hospital waste management guidelines.

    {#}. Devoted medical equipment should be used (preferably disposable whenever possible)

    In case of not avoidable of use of sharp objects, then the following protection can be used:
    #@>. Do not replace the cap on a used needle.

    #@>.Do not remove used needles from disposable syringes by hand, and do not bend, break or otherwise manipulate used needles by hand.

    #@>.Never direct the point of a used needle towards any part of the body.

    #@>.Make sure that containers for sharps objects are placed as close as possible to the immediate area where the objects are being used (‘point of use’) to limit the distance between use and disposal, and ensure the containers remain upright at all times.

    #@>.Always use fresh syringes or needles.

    #@>.Dispose of syringes, needles, scalpel blades and other sharp objects in appropriate, puncture-resistant containers.

    #@>.Ensure the containers are placed in an area that is not easily accessible by visitors, particularly children (e.g. containers should not be placed on floors, or on the lower shelves of trolleys in areas where children might gain access.

    #@>.Ensure that the containers are securely sealed with a lid and replaced when ¾ full.

    #@>.Closed, resistant shoes (e.g. boots) should be used by all individuals in the patient care area to avoid accidents with misplaced, contaminated sharp objects.

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